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MVMA/MAVT Task Force Committee Recommendations and Suggested Definitions:

The goal of the Task Force is NOT to reduce the current procedures that can be performed by unlicensed personnel.  Rather, the goal is to expand the legal role of credentialed veterinary technicians (LVT’s) in practice based upon what they are taught and trained to do and what they can do under the appropriate level of supervision.

Grandfather Clause: Veterinary Technicians currently certified in good standing with the MVMA or a minimum of 4160 documented cumulative hours actively engaged in the practice of veterinary medicine within the last five years and a letter of recommendation stating competency from a Licensed Veterinarian who is currently associated with the individual.  All individuals that meet above criteria will become eligible to become Licensed Veterinary Technicians.
Sunset Clause: Individuals have a 24 month timeframe to submit documentation.

Scope of Practice: Will fall under level of supervision.

Suggested definitions
Licensed Veterinary Technician means an individual who has graduated from a veterinary technology program that is accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association or the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association and who has passed the examination requirements as prescribed by the Minnesota State Board of Veterinary Medicine, shall be known as a Licensed Veterinary Technician (LVT).

A Veterinary Technician who is validly and currently licensed may practice veterinary technology under the provisions of this Act.  Unless authorized to practice veterinary technology under this act, an individual may not practice veterinary technology nor use the title "veterinary technician" or the abbreviation "LVT". 

Veterinary Assistant means an employee of a veterinarian who does not hold licensure as a veterinary technician and whom the veterinarian deems competent to administer medication or render auxiliary or supporting assistance only under direct veterinary or licensed veterinary technician supervision or immediate veterinary or licensed veterinary technician supervision.

Veterinary Technology is the science and art of providing all aspects of professional medical care and treatment for animals as determined by board regulation, under the appropriate supervision of a licensed veterinarian, with the exception of diagnosis, prognosis, surgery, and prescription.

The practice of veterinary technology is a privilege granted by legislative authority to maintain public health, safety and welfare and to protect the public.

Supervising Veterinarian means a veterinarian licensed to practice veterinary medicine in Minnesota and has met the requirements of a Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship as defined in MN Statute §156.16 Subd 12 and assumes responsibility for the professional care given to an animal by a person working under his or her direction.

Immediate Supervision means the supervising veterinarian or LVT is in the immediate area and within audible or visual range of the animal patient and the veterinary assistant treating the patient.

Indirect Supervision of LVT means a veterinarian is not on the premises but is acquainted with the keeping and care of the animal by virtue of an examination of the animal or medically appropriate and timely visits to the premises where the animal is kept, and has given written or oral instructions to the licensed veterinary technician for treatment of the animal patient.

The following are already defined in Rule and Statute:

Direct Supervision (Rule 9100.0800 Subp 7C) Applies to unlicensed employees
Supervision is governed by items A to C.
A.  A licensed veterinarian is professionally and legally responsible for any practice of veterinary medicine by the veterinarian's unlicensed employees. An employee's practice of veterinary medicine without a license constitutes grounds for the board to take action against the licensed veterinarian and the unlicensed individual. A veterinarian must have examined the animal patient prior to the delegation of an animal health care task to a nonlicensed employee. The examination must be conducted at a time consistent with prevailing standards of practice relative to the delegated animal health care task.
B.  A veterinarian shall not authorize a nonlicensed employee to perform the following functions:
(1)  surgery;
(2) diagnosis and prognosis; and
(3)  prescribing of drugs, medicines, and appliances.
C.  A veterinarian shall ensure that the activities of a supervised individual are within the scope of the orders, assignment, or prescriptions of the veterinarian and within the capabilities of the individual. Supervision by a veterinarian must involve the degree of close physical proximity necessary for the supervising veterinarian to observe and monitor the performance of a supervised individual. The supervising veterinarian must be on the client's premises or present in the veterinary facility while the supervised individual is performing health care services. This does not prohibit the performance of generalized nursing tasks, ordered by the attending veterinarian, to be performed by an unlicensed employee on inpatient animals during the hours when a veterinarian is not routinely on the premises. Nor does it prohibit, under emergency conditions, wherein an animal is placed in a life-threatening condition and requires immediate treatment to sustain life or prevent further injury, an unlicensed employee from rendering lifesaving aid and treatment to an animal in the absence of a veterinarian.


Indirect Supervision (Chapter 156.075 Subdivision 1b – applies to Equine Tooth Floaters)
(b) "Indirect supervision" means a veterinarian must be available by telephone or other form of immediate communication. The veterinarian must be currently licensed under this chapter.


Revised 7.22.11, Kim Horne, AAS, CVT     

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers About the Practice Act

Updated October 2011

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